Geometrically patterned Kashmir carpets, are decorated with linear elements composed of vertical, horizontal and diagonal lines, and are formed by a repetition of the same motif. The motif of a carpet can be used to determine the particular tribe, or place of origin.
A pattern, whether in nature or art, relies upon three characteristics: a unit, repetition, and a system of organization.
Symmetry is a fundamental organizing principle in nature and in culture. The analysis of symmetry allows for understanding the organization of a pattern, and provides a means for determining both invariance and change.
By varying relationships within patterns where symmetry is expected, otherwise predictable and repetitive patterns may be transformed into great works of art.
These variations in design occur in the two main parts of the rug: The field (or ground and the borders, which frame the interior (the field of the carpet). Designs fall into two different categories: curvilinear and rectilinear.
The most common motif for Kashmir rugs, especially the larger ones, is a large central medallion. Yet, even if two carpets have basically the same design, no two medallions are ever exactly the same. Some experts believe that the medallion designs stems from the very religious nature of the weavers and that their inspiration probably came from the artwork and patterns of domes of palaces and places of worship.
Symbols and motifs in Kashmir Rugs - Inspired from Persian origin carpets and rugs »
PARROT - Escaping from danger,protection
PEONY - Power
PEACOCK - Immortality
DOG - Protection,Trust & Defense
TREE OF LIFE - Direct Path from Earth To Heaven
LILY - Purity & Spirituality
PARADISE BIRD - Paradise
LOTUS - Rebirth
IRIS - Religious Liberty
BLOSSOM - Youth, Spring, Newly Wed
TULIPS - Prosperity
POMEGRANATE - Fertility
BOTEH - Flame, Universe
AMULET - Thwarts Evil Eye
HYACINTH - Regeneration
JUG / EWER - Purification
COMB - Cleanliness
DIAMOND - Signifies Women
CROSS - Faith
HERATI - Water Garden, Fish - Mahi
MIHRAB - Gateway to Paradise
STAR - Spirituality, Good Luck
NUMBERS - Signify Dates & Time